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Here you find the story about the great Russian writer Alexander Pushkin

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Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin In this text we would like to tell you about an outstanding Russian poet Alexander Pushkin. If you asked any German to give you the name of the most famous German writer he would certainly give the name of Goethe. An Englishman would name William Shakespeare without any doubt. Though, of course, somebody could start arguing about these names and would offer some more names of more famous people according to his opinion.

In Russia people have no need to argue about the most famous poet and writer because there was the only person whose fairy tales and poems we have known since our childhood, whose novels and romances we have studied at school and whose plays have been staged in all drama theatres all over Russia. A lot of ballets and operas have been written on his scripts. The literary activity of this person is always called "the Golden Age of the Russian Literature". And the name of this outstanding person, poet, writer and playwright is Alexander Pushkin.

Everybody can find something in his works that is more interesting and especially exciting for him. Small children enjoy reading and listening to his fairy tales poems. Pushkin told them in verses. He learnt them from his old nurse when he was a small boy. She loved him very much and took care of him and even treated him better than his own parents. Let's take his fairy tale about the gold fish. It could fulfil any wish of the old fisherman who had caught it in the sea in order to persuade him to set her free. She fulfilled many wishes of his old wife - a new tub at first, then a new house, a palace after that. But they still didn't let her go to the sea. Finally, the old woman desired to become the sea queen and to have the gold fish as a servant. At the end of the story the greedy old woman stayed with a broken tub near her old house as it had been at the very beginning of the story.

It is known that there is a project of building a park in Moscow based on Pushkin's fairy tales. There one will see his heroes and a lot of attractions are to be build. This park will resemble Disneyland. It can be called Pushkinland.

Alexander Pushkin's origin was quite unusual. His mother's grandfather came from Africa to Russia. He was a son of an African king. Their tribe was rather big and prosperous and lived on the banks of the Nile river on the territory of modern Ethiopia. When Alexander Pushkin's great-grandfather was a small boy he was imprisoned by the Turkish. Later, he was given to the Russian tsar Peter I as an exotic present from the Turkish. This happened at the beginning of the 18-th century. At first the boy was one of the tsar slaves. Later, when he grew up, he was set free and got military education. After having served in the Russian army for many years, he became a general and even married a Russian noblewoman. Alexander Pushkin's appearance resembles the appearance of his great-grandfather very much. He also had black curly hair, dark skin and plump lips. Alexander's father, Sergey Pushkin was a successor of an old Russian noble family which had had 600 years history by the time Alexander was born.

Alexander was born in 1799 in Moscow. As all the other children of noble Russian families of that time he had a French teacher at home. Teachers from France were always invited to educate young Russian noblemen, that was a tradition of that time. Moreover, all the Russian noblemen spoke French at home. So did the Pushkins. So, Alexander spoke French better than Russian when he was a boy. The only person who spoke Russian with him was his beloved nurse, an old peasant Arina Rodionovna. She made him love the Russian language and Russian Folklore.

Alexander was a bad and lazy pupil. He hated Maths very much and always started crying at Maths Lessons. He couldn't stand division because he wasn't able to understand how to do it. But he could spent long hours in his father's library reading books by French authors. This helped him develop good writing skills in French. He started writing poems at the age of 8. His first poems were, of course, written in French. Later, Alexander's parents sent him to study at the tsar Liceum. That was a special school for kids from Russian noble families.

When Alexander was 13 years old, the French Emperor Napoleon started the war with Russia. That fact arose patriotic feelings in every Russian man. Alexander envied those soldiers and officers who were going to struggle against the French Army to protect their native land. He really regretted that he had to stay at school and go on studying instead of joining the army.

After graduating from the Liceum Pushkin started living as a typical young nobleman of his time. He paid much attention to his appearance, always was dressed smartly, had long nails and looked after them very carefully. He was always ready to have a duel when necessary. Having duels was considered a good manner at that time. Pushkin danced at balls, fell in love very often and played cards with his friends. It is surprising, that in addition to all those activities he managed to write a lot of poems. Some of the poems were disliked by the Russian tsar, as Pushkin described the tsar in them as a cruel and rather stupid man. So, the tsar forbade Pushkin to live in the capital of the country and sent him to a southern province. Alexander had to become a state clerk there. But he couldn't stand being told what to do and what not to do. Therefore, he had to earn money in another way because he failed being a state clerk. Alexander Pushkin was the first to earn his living by selling his poems in our country. I had been considered even indeceny to sell own poems before Pushkin's times in Russia. Alexander always said: "You can't sell your inspiration but you can sell your manuscript".

Everywhere Pushkin came to live he attracted attention of all the women and young people of the town. Alexander was very love-sick and sometimes he was in love with several women at a time.

At one of the balls in Moscow in 1828 he met a young girl Natalie Goncharova by name. He was 29, she was only 16. Natalie spoke French very well, was an excellent dancer and a real beauty. She was the last and the strongest love of the poet. But she didn't like poetry and Pushkin had nothing to get her interested in. Moreover, she was very beautiful and he had rather plain appearance and couldn't be called even handsome. In addition, she was much taller than Pushkin. But still 2 years later they got married. At the wedding in the church during the rings exchanging ceremony Pushkin's ring fell down on the floor. Immediately after that the flame of the candle he was holding in his hand suddenly burnt out. Alexander was very superstitious. He fainted because he thougth that was a bad sign.

Alexander and Natalie had 4 kids, but Natalie was a bad housewife and didn't take care of the kids. She devoted all her time to dancing at the balls and shopping. She demanded more and more money for buying new fashionable clothes. Soon a young officer came to St.Petersburg from France Dantes by name. He was tall, handsome, quick-witted and had great self-confidence. When he saw Pushkin's wife, he fell in love with her and started courting her even if her husband was nearby. Alexander trusted his wife, but he couldn't stand the rumours that appeared about Natalie and challenged Dantes to a duel. During the duel Pushkin was badly wounded in his stomach and was dying. Near the door of his apartment in St.Petersburg many people were standing. There were both Pushkin's friends and strangers among them. All of them were asking how he was and whether there was any hope for him to survive. Half of the capital inhabitants gathered in front of the poet's house.

Alexander was only 37 when he died, but he could do much during his short life. His literary legacy has not been fully investigated. He has been admired and loved by many generations of Russian people. If you want to learn more about Russia, to know and understand it you should read books by Pushkin.
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