"From Russia with Love"
The aim of the project
The participants
Russian students
Canadian students

Discovery of Canada

Political System
Geography and Nature
Health Insurance System


Here you find
Canadian proverbs and sayings

Interesting facts
Do you know that...

Here you find the story about the great Russian writer Alexander Pushkin

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General Facts

Due to its favorable geographical position Canada has close trade relations with many Asian countries of the Pacific Ocean region. In 1990 the trade with those countries consisted 38% of all the volume of export. Canada exports coal, wood, copper concentrate and some other enriched raw materials. The main trade partner of the country in the USA. In 1990 the share of Canadian export to the USA was 42%, what equal 7 billions American Dollars.

The prosperity of Canada substantially depends on its mineral resources. Almost half of its territory is covered with forests. Pine and fir forests stretch from the Atlantic coast to Yukon, they are a source of material for paper production. Wood from the British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec is used for housing construction. Soft wood and paper are the main exported materials.

Canada is the largest manufacturer of newsprint in the world. Only 7% of soil is suitable for agriculture, but they consist million hectares of fertile ground. About 80% of Canadian farms are situated in prairies. The country is one of the biggest granaries. Almost all the minerals necessary for the development of modern economy are occurred in Canada. It is one of the leading extractors and exporters of nickel, zinc, plaster, potash, sulfur, aluminum, gold, copper and iron ore.

67% of all electricity in Canada is produced by hydroelectric power stations. Canadian rivers contain 10% of the world stock of river water. The country is also the leader in development of hydroelectric power stations, transformers and distributive system constructions. It is the third country in the world in production of natural gas and electric power and one of the mail suppliers of uranium in the world and completely provides itself with coal.

Canada is known to be the fourth country in the world in the sphere of power resources production. Due to its geographical and economic reasons the country not only sells the electric power, but also exports petroleum. The main Canadian gas and petroleum stocks are situated in Alberta and Saskatchewan. These provinces deliver them to all the areas westwards from Quebec as well as to the USA.

Science and Technology

Due to its mineral resources and geographical position Canada has always been one of the leaders in the sphere of science and technology. With support of the government and assistance of business people Canadian researchers have made progress in developing and improving new vehicles, communication technique and equipment for mining, wood, nuclear power and food-processing industries and for hydraulic engineering.

The greatest achievements of the last century were made in the sphere of transport and communication facilities - from telephone up to microwave systems and satellite equipment transmitting radio and TV programs. During last 25 years Canada has been playing a very important role in space research and the development of space technology. In 1962 Canada launched a satellite called "Aleut-1" and became the third country to get involved into the space era.

In 1972 the Canadian satellite "Anik-1" became the first commercial communication satellite. The Canadian remote manipulator is a significant part of American spaceships "Shuttle". Today, taking part in the development of new space stations, the country is in the avantguard of scientific development of space technology.

The Canadian achievements in this sphere are the gas turbines RT-6, short start planes and ignition systems of jet engines of spaceships "Challenger". Canadian firms succeeded in developing remote control technique, geophysical research, medicine and bioengineering. Among the most famous achievements are discoveries in the sphere of laser surgery, transplantation of organs, genetics of animals and plants.

Success in agriculture gives Canada an opportunity to export wheat, meat and some other food-products for billion of dollars annually. The experience of the country in the areas of selection and cattle breeding, veterinary science, agronomics and wood industry is appreciated all over the world.

Two Canadian scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize. They were Dr. Gerhard (1971, for the research in the sphere of molecular spectrum analysis) and John Polagni (1986, for the research in the sphere of chemical kinetics).

Transport and Communication

Canada has a vast network of highways, that is very necessary for the large continental country with the population of millions people. Two coasts of the country are connected by the Trans - Canadian highway which is 9600 km long.

All the main load transportation is made by railway as well as river and sea cargo ships. Buses, subway and private cars dominate in the sphere of passenger transportation on short distances and planes - on long distances. "The Nervous System" of the country is the most complicated system of telecommunications. The first telephone system that enables having very distant conversations was invented in Canada.

Nowadays the telephone network of Canada has three modern lines which are the largest in the world, they are not only suitable for telephone conversations, but also for transmitting radio, TV and some other kinds of Information.
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